Face detection ensemble with methods using depth information to filter false positives


A fundamental problem in computer vision is face detection. In this paper, an experimentally derived ensemble, made by a set of six face detectors is presented that maximizes the number of true positives while simultaneously reducing the number of false positives produced by the ensemble. False positives are removed using different filtering steps based primarily on the characteristics of the depth map related to the subwindows of the whole image that contain candidate faces. A new filtering approach based on processing the image with different wavelets is also proposed here. Experimental results show that the applied filtering steps used in our best ensemble reduce the number of false positives without decreasing the detection rate. This finding is validated on a combined dataset, composed of four others for a total of 549 images that include 614 upright frontal faces acquired in unconstrained environments. The dataset provides both 2D and depth data. For further validation, the proposed ensemble is tested on the well-known BioID benchmark dataset, where it obtains 100% detection rate with an acceptable number of false positives.

Keywords face detection; depth map ensemble; filtering.

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