Theory-guided virtual reality psychotherapies: Going beyond CBT-based approaches


Most VR applications in mental health care have focused on cognitive behavioral therapy. This paper is a call to expand research into other theory-guided psychotherapy practices. Evidence is presented that supports the so-called dodo bird effect that contends that all bona fide psychotherapies are equally effective. Two avenues for expanding research are suggested that focus on VR strengths: creating VR playspaces (virtual environments where therapist and client can engage playfully) and VR drama therapy.

Keywords virtual reality, drama therapy, creative expression therapy, playspace, psychotherapy, dodo bird effect.

[full paper]